The agriculture sector has always occupied the center stage of the world. It is irrespective of the time and lifestyle changes of people. A few years ago, the survival of agriculture was difficult. However, the situations are better now courtesy to the new developments the industry has made with the help of technology.
Leading-edge technology has made farming more efficient and has eased the works of the farmers. It is expected that these technologies, when used in agriculture, can become even more computerized in the coming times.
Different areas of farming, such as productivity, cost, and labor, are supported to a large extent with the help of technology. Among them, information technology comes first. It has played a vital role in circulating information in the field of agriculture and empowering traditional farmers about new ways and advances in agriculture.
1. Information Technology
The agriculture industry has found its definitive path after the use of information technology within it. Information in agriculture refers to the data relating to market prices, demand, seasonal changes, and cultivation ideas. Information related to the weather is the most important information which saves the farmers from any loss due to it.
The use of modernism is not only found in agriculture alone but in the farmers too. They are the ones who make use of technology in this industry. The development of new apps will ease the work of the farmers is a good sign in the industry. The usage of the information available about the agricultural field in the right way in the best interest of the farmers is what has made it a very effective technological advancement.
Nanotechnology is another reason for developed agriculture practices all over the world. This valued field has made its entry in agriculture successfully. Working with nanoparticles in the concept of farming, and its results are pretty good.
Nanoparticles make the crops healthier than in normal conditions. In addition to this, there are more scientific advantages of using nanoparticles in agriculture. The scientific benefits can be analysed only by a biological expert. This technology helps in spraying the fertilizers and pesticides into the field at the proper time. It also saves the efforts of the labourers to some extent by reducing the time taken for pest control and fertilization.
3. Use of GPS Technology in Agriculture
Global Positioning System has topped in the navigation for easy access to the places. It has made an equally valued impact on agriculture too. Along with GPS, GIS has a huge part in effective farming. These two modern technologies are used for site-specific and precision farming.
Some of the uses of GPS and GIS technologies include Farm planning, Field mapping, Soil sampling, Yield mapping, Crop scouting, Tractor guidance, and Variable-rate application.
The main usage of these technologies is to aid farmers in the visibility and the continuation of work in the zero visibility areas. For example, during the rains, it becomes increasingly difficult for farmers to harvest in the fields, and, if the rainfall persists for long periods, the harvesting and farming processes come to a standstill.
It is where the GIS system comes into place and helps the farmers in clarity of vision. The GPS and GIS technology comes in use during the rains, in fog, dust, and also in the dark.
4. Soil and Water Sensors
Soil and water sensors are one of the most talked inventions. These sensors detect the nitrogen levels, moisture content, and other conditions of the crops. When these sensors are used in the agricultural fields, it helps the farmers to understand the soil needs and schedule the watering of the crops. As a result of this, the farmers can plan and prepare the reports of their farming practices better.
The main reason for the demand in the market for these sensors is the discreet features of the sensors. The use and the amount of fertilizer required can also be decided with the help of these sensors. Farmers will be able to manage available resources most efficiently.
These sensors are also beneficial from the economic point of view. Two economic benefits of these sensors are the price of the sensors and the cost control in resource management. These sensors are available in the market at a very reasonable price, and this, in turn, ensures that farmers belonging to different economic backgrounds can afford it for the better farming experience.
5. Agricultural Robots
In recent years, agriculture has seen a huge change in its technology usage. At present, robots are used in the agriculture sector for a better and efficient farming practice. The use of these robots begins with processing seeds to planting. Due to these intelligently programmed to the robots, the results are always quite good. Errors can be detected and easily solved with these robots.
Read: How Drones are Revolutionising Agriculture Industry
Productivity can be measured and increased with these robots, as the need for labor can be lowered to some extent. On the other hand, no matter how extensively you make use of the modern-day technology in agriculture, the need for manual labor is yet to be removed completely. The chances of complete automation of the agricultural sector are would take a long while.
6. Minichromosomal Technology
Agriculture is an innovative field, and all of it has been possible due to minichromosomal technology. In any field, innovation is an inevitable element. It is how any industry attracts more customers or increase production considerably. In this technology, minichromosomes are used in farming.
Within a cell, the number of small particles exists, and one among them is a chromosome. The small structure can hold several characteristics in it.
When these chromosomes develop, produce crops that are of the desired quality. Traits get induced, and the expected qualities of crops are produced. It helps the farmers to produce and sell to a greater extent. It provides major relief from diseases and nutrition deficiency.
7. Irrigation Systems
Irrigation systems one of the most important aspects of the agriculture sector. It has an impact on the growing crops. Better irrigation focuses both conserving resources and supply adequate water to the crops.
The most important criteria for choosing better irrigation systems is its adequacy. Centre pivot irrigation system has ranked first among the others, and it is comparatively less costly than the other irrigation systems. This irrigation system is more suitable for flat terrain.
The use of modern technology is transforming almost every industry and even farming. Leading-edge technology has made farming more efficient and has eased the works of the farmers. It is expected that these technologies, when used in agriculture, can become even more computerized in the coming times.
The use of technology in agriculture would ensure that the general issues with crops can be reduced considerably. Farmers would be able to understand the requirements of their crops in a better way and hence optimize the resources that are available to them.
Each day there is a new development in terms of technology and, when it comes to the agriculture sector, it is increasingly important that the scientists bring about inexpensive and efficient tools, so that most of the farmers across the globe can utilize it.